June 8, 2023

Maps and Directions | Types of Maps | Cardinal Directions | Video for Kids

Published May 16, 2023, 5:20 a.m. by Violet Harris

There are all sorts of maps that show all sorts of things. You have probably seen a map of your state or country, and maybe even a map of the world. But have you ever seen a map of the stars? Or a map that shows the ocean floor?

There are all sorts of maps for all sorts of purposes. Some maps are made for navigation, like road maps and sea charts. Others are made for planning, like zoning maps. And still others are made for scientific study, like geologic maps.

The first step in making any map is to decide what sort of information you want to include. Once you know that, you can choose the appropriate projection, or way of representing the globe on a flat surface.

There are many different types of map projections, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most important thing is to choose a projection that best suits your needs.

The next step is to gather the data you want to include on your map. This data can come from a variety of sources, including surveys, satellite imagery, and aerial photographs.

Once you have your data, you need to choose a scale. The scale is the relationship between the distance on the map and the actual distance on the ground. For example, a 1:24,000 scale map is usually used for hiking and camping because it is large enough to show a lot of detail but small enough to fit in your pocket.

After you have chosen a projection and gathered your data, you are ready to start drawing your map. This is where the fun begins!

There are many different ways to make a map, but all maps start with a few basic elements. These include the title, legend, scale bar, and north arrow.

The title tells the viewer what the map is showing. The legend explains the symbols used on the map. The scale bar shows the relationship between the distance on the map and the actual distance on the ground. And the north arrow points to true north.

Once you have these basic elements in place, you can start adding other features to your map, like contour lines, roads, and bodies of water. The sky’s the limit!

If you’re interested in learning more about maps and mapmaking, check out some of the resources below. With a little practice, you’ll be an expert cartographer in no time!

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hello friends today we'll learn about



you're doing your morning workout here

in the park

see this park map it tells you where

you've been where you are and where

you're going

a map is an illustration of an area such

as a city a country or a continent

showing its main features hmm

it's a drawing that gives special clues

about an area the word map is originated

from the latin word mappa that means a

paper or napkin

these were the materials the earliest

maps of the world were drawn on

the history of mapping can be traced to

approximately 5 000 years ago

guys this is the imago mundi it is

considered the oldest surviving world

map it was found in a town called seppar

in iraq

the sun rises in the east stretch out

your arms your left hand is now pointing


right hand is pointing west

north is at the top and south towards

the bottom

this is the map of the world

north is at the top south at the bottom

this is east and this part is facing


these are called the cardinal directions

you can easily see which country or

continent is in which direction

different places are shown with

different colors so we can easily locate

a particular continent

usually countries are shown by dots and

capitals with a star

there are many types of maps let's see

the five main types one by one

general reference map

these are simple maps showing important

physical features both natural and

man-made in an area for example see this

road map it shows the roads boldly and

using road widths and colors to

distinguish between major and minor



a thematic map shows a single attribute

such as soil type vegetation land use

geology and land ownership


for example this french guyana map shows

the vegetation areas the rainforest

areas westland forest marsh and savannah

navigation charts or nautical charts

it is a map that characterizes the

configuration of the shoreline and sea


it gives important information about

water depths locations of dangers to

navigation locations and characteristics

of aids to navigation and many other


topographic maps these maps are a

detailed record of a land area giving

geographic position and elevations they

show the shape of the land the mountains

plains and valleys by means of brown

contour lines

cadastral maps see this cadastral map it

shows the boundaries and ownership of

land within a specified area

this type of map may also show drainage

culture and other things relating to use

of the land

can you show the map from this park to

your home

this road map is an example of general

reference map so many places are there

on the way see there's a school a hotel

a restaurant and so many other places

now you know a lot about maps stay tuned

for more videos

bye bye


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