June 23, 2024

Promising New Study Using Diet Changes To Treat Type 2 Diabetes



Published May 20, 2023, 3:20 p.m. by Monica Louis


In a new study, researchers say they may have found a way to treat type 2 diabetes with diet changes.

The study, published in the journal Nature Medicine, found that a specific diet may help to reverse the effects of diabetes.

The diet, which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, is known as the ketogenic diet.

The study's lead author, Dr. Timo Söderlund, said that the ketogenic diet has been shown to be effective in treating other diseases, such as cancer.

"We thought, 'Why not try it in diabetes?'" Söderlund said.

The researchers divided the participants into two groups. One group followed a ketogenic diet for 16 weeks, while the other group followed a more traditional diabetes diet.

At the end of the study, the researchers found that the ketogenic diet group had significantly lower levels of sugar in their blood than the diabetes diet group.

"The results were really quite striking," Söderlund said.

The researchers say that the ketogenic diet may work by changing the way the body metabolizes sugar.

"It's possible that the ketogenic diet is changing the way the body handles sugar," Söderlund said. "We need to do more research to confirm this."

If the findings are confirmed, the ketogenic diet could be a promising new treatment for type 2 diabetes.

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A NEW KIND OF TARGETED DIETING

AIMED AT REVERSING THE

CONDITION.

LET'S GET MORE FROM KATE SNOW.

>> Reporter: HE ALWAYS THOUGHT

HE WAS IN PRETTY GOOD SHAPE, HE

IS A PERSONAL TRAINER AND

REALTOR IN BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA.

BUT TYPE 2 DIABETES RUNS IN HIS

FAMILY.

>> MY GRANDMOTHER HAD DIABETES.

MY MOM.

MY SISTER HAS IT.

>> Reporter: HE WAS SO BUSY, HE

USED TO GRAB FAST FOOD, SWEET

TEA, ENERGY DRINKS.

>> PEOPLE SEE YOU AND THINK OH,

YOU WORK OUT, YOU'RE HEALTHY.

THERE'S NOTHING WRONG WITH YOU.

THAT'S NOT THE CASE.

>> NOT IF YOU'RE NOT EATING

RIGHT.

>> Reporter: A FEW YEARS AGO HE

WAS DIAGNOSED WITH TYPE 2

DIABETES AND PRESCRIBED

MEDICINE.

BUT HE WANTED ALTERNATIVES.

SO HE VOLUNTEERED FOR A STUDY AT

UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT

BIRMINGHAM, LOOKING AT TWO

DIETS.

HE WAS PUT ON A LOW CARB DIET

FOR THREE MONTHS.

EVERY TUESDAY, A BOX OF FOOD

ARRIVED WITH RECIPES.

>> YOU COULD PUT WHATEVER

VEGETABLES YOU WANT.

>> Reporter: THIS NUTRITION

RESEARCHER LAUNCHED THE STUDY

FIVE YEARS AGO.

>> AMERICANS TEND TO EAT A LOT

OF SUGAR AND CARBOHYDRATES AND

YOU REACH A LIMIT TO STORE THE

EXCESS CALORIES.

AND THAT ESSENTIALLY IS WHAT

ULTIMATELY LEADS TO TYPE 2

DIABETES.

>> Reporter: THE WHITE WE ARE

SEEING IS FAT IN BETWEEN THE

ORGANS?

>> THAT'S RIGHT.

>> Reporter: THE KEY TO THE

STUDY, TARGETING FAT AROUND THE

ORGANS LIKE THE PANCREAS AND

LIVER.

>> WHEN SOMEONE HAS DIABETES,

THEY NO LONGER HAVE THE IDEA TO

METABOLIZE CARBOHYDRATES

DIRECTLY AND THEY'RE CONVERTING

A LOT OF THOSE TO HARMFUL FATS,

STORED IN AND AROUND THE ORGANS.

WE TAKE THOSE CARBOHYDRATES OUT

OF THE DIET WITH THE IDEA IF WE

DO THAT, WE MAY ALLOW THE BODY

TO RECOVER.

>> COULD THAT POTENTIALLY

REVERSE TYPE 2 DIABETES?

>> YES, IT COULD.

>> Reporter: THE RESULTS SO FAR

ARE PROMISING.

FOR DECADES PEOPLE HAVE BEEN ON

MEDICATION FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES.

COULD THIS BE WHOLESALE CHANGE

HOW YOU LOOK AT IT?

>> ABSOLUTELY.

I AM CONVINCED WE CAN TREAT

INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

WITH DIET.

>> Reporter: TODAY, HE IS NO

LONGER CONSIDERED DIABETIC AND

FOUND CREATIVE WAYS TO SATISFY

HIS SWEET TOOTH.

>> I MAY TAKE A CHOCOLATE

PROTEIN SHAKE, EAT SOME ALMONDS,

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